About This Career
Materials and Metallurgical Engineers conduct studies and analyze the properties and characteristics of metals and other non-metallic materials. They plan, design and develop machinery used to transport gases and liquids related to hydrocarbon production and refining. Their key duties include conducting studies on materials to determine failure conditions, designing processes for corrosion prevention, designing welding programs that adhere to regulatory requirements, and supervising processes and production staff engaged in these processes.
Metallurgical Engineers research and develop new alloys and systems for extracting metal from ores. Materials Engineers also research and develop new non-metallic materials with physical characteristics to meet specific requirements. In the oil and gas industry, they also provide technical guidance and input to address corrosion concerns, materials choices for repair or replacement of existing piping and vessels and review of welding procedures.
Education: A post-secondary degree in metallurgical, materials, ceramic or chemical engineering or in a related engineering discipline is typically required. A master's or doctorate degree in a related engineering discipline may be preferred by some employers.
Employment: This occupation is found in onshore environments and is typically employed in the exploration and production, oil sands and oil and gas services and pipelines sectors of the oil and gas industry.
Example titles: Corrosion Engineer, Electrometallurgical Engineer, Hydrometallurgical Engineer, Materials Engineer, Metallurgical Engineer, Physical Metallurgical Engineer, Welding Engineer
- The following are examples of progressive or lateral career paths for this occupation:
- Maintenance Engineer
- Research and Development
- Project Development
Mild Physical Activity
Long Periods of Standing
Working from Heights
Some Overtime Required
Office or Field Based
- Professional, scientific and technical services
- Primary metal manufacturing
- Paper manufacturing
- Wood product manufacturing
- Heavy and civil engineering construction
- Mining and quarrying
Exploration and production
Oil and gas services
- Post-secondary degree
- Pipeline Construction Safety Training (PCST)
- Construction Safety Training System (CSTS)
- Asbestos safety
- Fall protection
- Confined space entry
- Aerial lift training
- Respirator fit testing
- H2S Alive
- Workplace Hazardous Materials Information System (WHMIS)
- Standard and emergency first aid
- To obtain a license as a professional engineer (P. Eng), you must obtain a degree from an accredited engineering program, pass a Professional Practice exam and have three to four years of engineering experience, of which one year must be gained in Canada. You must also have Canadian citizenship or proof of permanent residency in Canada.
- Once licensed, engineers receive a seal to stamp their designs and drawings.
- Unlicensed engineers must work under the supervision of a P. Eng.