About This Career
Petroleum Geologists are responsible for the discovery and identification of oil and gas deposits. In addition to determining locations to drill, they envision, strategize, coordinate and execute drilling programs.
These geoscience professionals look at the structural and sedimentary aspects of the rock deep underground to identify possible oil and gas traps. They determine the origin, amount, maturity and movement of oil and gas resources underground, as well as any obstacles that impede the movement of these resources. Petroleum Geologists use a variety of techniques to discover this information, such as petro-physical analysis, geochemical analysis and seismic interpretation.
Geologists may specialize in fields such as coal geology, environmental geology, geochronology, hydrogeology, mineral deposits or mining, petroleum geology, stratigraphy, tectonics or volcanology. They may also be involved in other aspects of oil and gas production.
Education: A post-secondary degree in geology, geochemistry or geophysics is typically required or certain college diplomas.
Employment: This occupation is found in both onshore and offshore environments and is typically employed in the exploration and production, oil sands and oil and gas services sectors of the oil and gas industry.
Example titles: Exploration Geologist, Geological Specialist, Geologist, Geoscientist, Mine Geologist, Project Geologist
- Mud Logger
- MWD Tech/Directional Drilling Tech
- Reservoir Modeler
- The following are examples of progressive or lateral career paths associated with this occupation:
- Wellsite Geologist
Mild Physical Activity
Some Overtime Required
- Construction of buildings (non-residential and residential)
- Mining and quarrying
- Petroleum and coal product manufacturing
- Professional, scientific and technical services
- Public administration, including regulatory
- Utilities, including renewable energy
Oil and gas services
- Post-secondary degree
- Licensing with a provincial or territorial association of professional engineers, geologists, geophysicists or geoscientists is required for employment and is mandatory to practice in Newfoundland and Labrador, Alberta, British Columbia, the Northwest Territories and Nunavut.
- Geologists and geophysicists are eligible for registration following graduation from an accredited educational program and after several years of supervised work experience and, in some provinces, after passing a Professional Practice examination.