Entry Senior

Geological Engineer

About This Career

Geological Engineers conduct geological and geotechnical studies to assess the suitability of locations for civil engineering, mining and oil and gas projects. They plan, design, develop and supervise programs of geological data acquisition and analysis and the preparation of geological engineering reports and recommendations.

Geological Engineers may recommend the ground support systems, processes and equipment required for safe, economical and environmentally-sound drilling, mining or underground construction activities. They may also inspect areas for unsafe geological conditions, equipment and working conditions.

Education: A post-secondary degree in civil, geotechnical or geological engineering (or a related discipline) from an institution accredited by Engineers Canada is typically required.

Employment: This occupation is found  onshore and is typically employed in the exploration and production (E&P), oil sands, oil and gas services and pipeline sectors of the oil and gas industry.

Example titles: Geophysical Engineer, Geotechnical Engineer, Hydrogeological Engineer, Reservoir Geomechanics Engineer, Pipeline Specialist, Engineering Geologist, Mine Engineer

Work Activities
Analyzing Data or Information
Planning, developing, coordinating and conducting theoretical and experimental studies in mining exploration and mine evaluation.
Conducting slope stability analyses, and designing remediation for unstable slopes.
Perform geomechanical project work including pore pressure (soil strength) analysis, wellbore (drilled hole) stability analysis, image and caliper analysis, stress constraint, fracture permeability, etc.
Analyzing information for improvements to foundations of civil engineering projects such as rock excavation, pressure grouting and hydraulic channel erosion control.
Conducting theoretical and applied study of groundwater flow and contamination, and developing prescriptions for site selection, treatment and construction.
Conducting analyses (for example, pore pressure, wellbore stability, image and caliper log analysis, fracture permeability, fault seal analysis).
Providing analysis and mapping of the results.
Communicating with Persons Outside Organization
Developing and delivering presentations to key internal and external audiences on technical design options and construction updates.
Documenting/Recording Information
Preparing presentations, technical documents and other items for project delivery.
Estimating the Quantifiable Characteristics of Products, Events or Information
Estimating the costs involved in developing and operating mines.
Evaluating Information
Examining maps, deposits, drilling locations or mines to determine the location, size, accessibility, contents, value and potential profitability of oil and gas deposits.
Evaluating groundwater flow and contaminant transport modeling.
Investigating the existing subsurface conditions and materials, determining the physical, mechanical and chemical properties that are relevant to the project considered, and assessing the risks posed by site conditions.
Getting Information
Conducting field investigations.
Implementing the development of mines, facilities, systems or equipment.
Guiding, Directing, and Motivating Subordinates
Supervising technologists, technicians and other engineers and scientists.
Inspecting Equipment, Structures, or Material
Inspecting resource extraction areas for unsafe structures, equipment and working conditions.
Monitor Processes, Materials or Surroundings
Monitoring the site conditions of earthworks and structure foundations.
Monitoring the development of mines, facilities, systems or equipment.
Performing Administrative Activities
Preparing technical reports for use by mining, engineering and management personnel.
Processing Information
Acquiring technical mapping data.
Reviewing and collating project data and information.
Provide Consultation and Advice to Others
Providing technical guidance to civil engineers, technologists, technicians and construction personnel during the lifecycle of a project.
Participating in civil engineering projects by providing engineering expertise with respect to geological, geotechnical, geophysical and geohydrological science applications.
Thinking Creatively
Developing sound instrumentation and testing programs to ensure the optimal performance of all mining structures, particularly pit walls, dumps and dams.
Designing, developing and implementing computer applications for use in mining operations such as mine design, modeling or mapping.
Designing open pit walls, mine waste dumps and earth-fill fluid-retaining damage structures.
Complex Problem Solving
Attention to Detail
Engineering and Technology
Operation Monitoring
Equipment Selection
Critical Thinking
Career Path
  • Asset Integrity and Inspection
  • Engineering Manager
  • Engineer-in-Training (E.I.T.)
  • Junior Engineer
  • Project Engineer
  • Project Manager
  • Research Engineer
  • Senior Engineer
  • Technical Specialist
Related Careers
Available Jobs
  • There are no recent job postings

Working Conditions
  • Field 2
    Field Visits
  • Physical
    Mild Physical Activity
  • Office
    Office Based
  • Steeringwheel
    Driving Required
  • Variable weather
    Inclement Weather
  • Road
    Remote Locations
Similar Jobs In Other Industries
Careers also exist in the following industries:
  • Construction of buildings (non-residential and residential)
  • Forestry and logging
  • Heavy and civil engineering construction
  • Mining and quarrying
  • Professional, scientific and technical services
  • Public administration, including regulatory
Job Details

Job Category




Oil and gas services

Oil sands

Exploration and production


2144, 2112

Qualifications + Experience


  • Post-secondary degree


  • Specific health and safety certifications will be determined by job requirements


  • Unlicensed engineers must work under the supervision of a P. Eng.
  • Once licensed, engineers receive a seal to stamp their designs and drawings.
  • To obtain a license as a professional engineer (P.Eng) you must obtain a degree from an accredited engineering program, pass a professional practice exam and have three or four years of engineering experience, of which one year must be gained in Canada. You must also have Canadian citizenship or proof of permanent residency in Canada.