The downstream industry is where the oil and natural gas meet the consumer. The industry includes oil refineries, petrochemical plants, transportation networks (truck, rail, pipeline and marine), retail gas stations and natural gas distribution companies.
The downstream sector provides thousands of products used every day. From the moment your alarm wakes you up, you brush your teeth, slip on your runners and pump up the tires on your bike, you are using petroleum products!
Oil extracted from the ground is not generally useful as is; it requires further processing. A refinery converts oil into petroleum products such as gasoline, diesel fuel, asphalt base, heating crude oil, and kerosene for individual and commercial consumers.
There are 18 refineries across Canada. The average full product petroleum refinery in Canada can process over 293,000 cubic metres per day of heavy and light crude oil.